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Example 3: design of rectangular beam

design rectangular sections for the beams, loads, and ρ values shown. Beam weights are not included
in the loads shown.  Assume concrete weighs 150 lb/ft3 , fy= 60,000 psi, and fc'= 4000 psi, unless given otherwise.

Figure 1

first, we will calculate the ultimate load, we have point live load and distributed dead load, therefore will take each load separately

ultimate live load=1.6*PL=1.6*20=32k

assuming the weight of beam=0.50k/ft

dead load=2+0.5=2.5 k/ft

ultimate dead load=1.2*2.5=3.00k/ft

Mu from moment diagram in figure 1=657.5k-ft=7,890,000lb-in

                                                                               Figure 1




bd^2=Mu/(Ф*ρ*fy(1-fy*ρ/1.7*fc')   assuming Ф=0.90



taking bd=    16x29.5

using 16*33 as beam dimension (bxh)

checking beam weight=16*33*150/144=0.55k/ft    not ok

then calculating ultimate dead load again

dead load=2+0.55=2.55 k/ft

ultimate dead load=1.2*2.55=3.06k/ft

Mu=664.25 k-ft=7,971,000lb-in


bd=    16x29.5 is ok 


 using 4#11=4*1.56=6.24 in2   ok

checking for Ф=0.9 or no



β1=0.85 for fc'=4000 psi or less




εt=0.003*(29.5)/8.1-0.003=0.0079>0.005 so section is tension control Ф=0.9  is ok

checking for ρmin

As,min=(3√fc'/fy)*bw*d and not less than 200bw*d/fy

As,min=3*√4000*16*29.5/60,000  and not less than 200*29.5*16/60,000

As,min=1.49 in2 and not less than 1.57in2 ok, our As is larger than the minimum 

checking Ф*Mn>Mu


Ф*Mn=0.9*6.24*60,000(29.5-6.88/2)=8,781,177.6lb-in> Mu ok 


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