Roundabouts are a common type of circular intersection used to regulate the traffic efficiently without the need for traffic signals generally. There are different types of circular intersections:
The roundabout has a different component such as:
- Rotaries: rotaries are a circular intersection with a large diameter exceeding 100 mm, rotaries allowing the vehicles to travel within the circulatory roadway at high speeds exceeding 50 km/hr.
- Neighborhood traffic circles: this type of circle built for the purpose of aesthetic or calming the traffic at intersections of local streets. The approaches for this type of traffic circles can be uncontrolled or stop-controlled. Neighborhood traffic circles don’t include a raised channelization to guide the into the circulatory roadway.
- Roundabouts: roundabouts are a circular intersection with specific design and traffic control features. The features will include the yield control of all entering traffic, channelized approach, and specific geometric curvature to ensure maintaining a speed of less than 50KM/HR on the circulatory roadway.
- Central island: the central island is the raised circle of the roundabout where the vehicles circulate around it.
- Splitter island: splitter island is a raised or painted area that separates the entering and exiting traffic. Also, it provides a storage area for the pedestrian crossing the road.
- Circulatory roadway: it is the curved path used by the vehicle to travel counter-clockwise around the central island.
- Yield line: it is a pavement marking for the entering traffic, as shown in figure no:2. The entering vehicles should give way for cars crossing from left before crossing the yield line.
- Accessible pedestrian crossings: accessible pedestrian crossings are a designated area for the pedestrians. The pedestrian crossings are important, and it should be provided for all roundabouts. Locations of pedestrian crossings should be set back from the yielding line, and it should cross the splitter island.
- Bicycle treatments: bicycle treatments provide the bicyclist the options of traveling as vehicles or pedestrian depending on the bicyclist level of comfort.
- Landscaping buffer: landscaping buffers provided for most of the roundabouts, the landscaping buffers can serve many functions such as separation of pedestrians and vehicles and improving the aesthetic of the roundabout.